Glomerulonephritis is a kind of kidney disease. It involves damage to the glomeruli, tiny filters inside your kidneys. It’s caused by a variety of things, from infections to problems with the immune system. Sometimes glomerulonephritis is mild and soon goes away. Other times it hangs around and leads to kidney failure and other complications. Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease. It involves damage to the glomeruli (tiny filters) inside your kidneys. If you have glomerulonephritis, your kidneys can have trouble removing waste and fluid from your body. If the condition becomes severe, it can lead to kidney failure. Healthcare providers abbreviate glomerulonephritis as GN and sometimes call it glomerular disease.
Glomerulonephritis also, is a state where patient has high BP and passes protein and blood in urine. If not treated appropriately, patient can have chances of kidney failure. So this disease state should be treated as medical emergency. This condition may require hospitalization & sometimes kidney biopsy, which is a routine thing at our hospital. Are you suffering from Glomerulonephritis and seeking to get Glomerulonephritis treatment in Delhi NCR? Then, stop your search at Dr. Suresh Rao who is one of the best nephrologists in India and has treated various patients successfully. Dr. Suresh Rao treats his patients lovingly and friendly such that the patient does not get fear of his/her disease. No matter how much he is busy, but he is always available for the patient as per the appointment. He charges a very nominal fee from the patients and treats them successfully. Dr. Suresh Rao who is a Glomerulonephritis treatment specialist is one of the best and highly recommended by their patients for getting the treatment. If you want to get a better result for your treatment then, do not search much and end your search on him. If you are bothering about your budget then, don't as he charge very affordable rates for treating the patients.
How do glomeruli help your kidneys?
Glomeruli are filtering units made of capillaries (tiny blood vessels) in the kidneys. They filter the blood and remove waste and extra fluid from the blood — the first step as the body makes urine (pee).
Are there different types of glomerulonephritis?
When glomerulonephritis starts suddenly, it’s called acute glomerulonephritis. When it happens slowly and lasts awhile, it’s called chronic glomerulonephritis. Some people can have an acute attack and then a chronic condition years later.
What causes glomerulonephritis (GN)?
The reason glomerulonephritis appears is often unknown. But causes may include:
Genetics, meaning it runs in the family (this is rare).
Anti-GBM disease (formerly Goodpasture syndrome), a group of diseases affecting the lungs and kidneys.
Secondary to endocarditis, an infection in the heart valves.
Secondary to other viral infections, such as strep throat, HIV or hepatitis C.
Problems with the immune system attacking healthy parts of the body, such as with lupus.
Rare diseases that inflame blood vessels like granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener’s disease), microscopic polyangiitis, Henoch-Schönlein Purpura, or eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Churg-Srauss Syndrome).
What are the symptoms of glomerulonephritis?
People with glomerulonephritis often don’t experience signs of the condition. But symptoms can include:
Blood in the urine, which may make the pee look brown, pink or red.
Fatigue, nausea or a rash.
Hypertension (high blood pressure) or shortness of breath.
Pain in the joints or abdomen (belly area).
Peeing less often or more often than normal.
Swelling in the legs or face.
Urine that’s foamy.
Treatment for glomerulonephritis depends on the cause and severity of your condition. Mild cases may not need any treatment. Treatment can be as simple as making changes to your diet, such as eating less salt to reduce the strain on your kidneys. Medicine to lower blood pressure, such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, is commonly prescribed because it helps protect the kidneys. If the condition is caused by a problem with your immune system, medicine called immunosuppressants may be used. Treatment options depend on the type of GN you’re experiencing and its cause.
One treatment is to control high blood pressure, especially if that’s the underlying cause of the GN. Blood pressure may be very hard to control when your kidneys aren’t working properly. If this is the case, your doctor may prescribe blood pressure medications, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, or ACE inhibitors, such as:
Your doctor may also prescribe angiotensin receptor blockers, or ARBs, such as:
Corticosteroids may also be used if your immune system is attacking your kidneys. They reduce the immune response. Another method to reduce immune-triggered inflammation is plasmapheresis. This process removes the fluid part of your blood, called plasma, and replaces it with intravenous fluids or donated plasma that contains no antibodies. For chronic GN, you’ll need to reduce the amount of protein, salt, and potassium in your diet. Additionally, you must watch how much liquid you drink. Calcium supplements may be recommended, and you may need to take diuretics to reduce swelling. Check with your general practitioner or kidney specialist for guidelines about diet restrictions or supplements. They can set you up with a medical dietician to advise you on your choices. If your condition becomes advanced and you develop kidney failure, you may need to have dialysis. In this procedure, a machine filters your blood. Eventually, you may need a kidney transplant.